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夏季新栽绿化苗木养护
[来源:http://www.qdmiaomu.com.cn/] [作者:567zx] [日期:19-05-20] [浏览次数:]

地上部分保湿 Aboveground moisture   1、裏干 1, in the dry   裹干是用草绳、蒲包、苔藓等材料严密包裹树干和比较粗壮的分枝。经包干处理后,一可避免强光直射和干风吹袭,减少树干、树枝的水分蒸发;二可将包干材料喷湿,贮存一定量的水分,使枝干经常保持湿润;三可维持枝干温度,减少高温和低温对枝干的伤害,效果较好。 Wrapped in straw ropes, dandelion, moss and other materials, the trunk and the thicker branches. After the treatment, one can avoid the strong light direct and dry wind attack, reduce the water evaporation of the tree trunk and branches; 2. Wet the dry material and store a certain amount of water to keep the branches moist. The three can maintain the temperature of the branches, reduce the high temperature and low temperature to the stem damage, the effect is better.   2、喷水 2, water spray   树体地上部分,特别是叶面因蒸腾作用而易失水,必须及时喷水保湿。喷水要求细而均匀,喷及地上各个部位和周围空间,为树体提供湿润的小气候环境。可采用高压水枪喷雾,或将供水管安装在树冠上方,根据树冠大小安装一个或若干个细孔喷头进行喷雾,效果较好。 The part of the tree body, especially the leaf surface because of transpiration, is easy to lose water, must water spray and moisturize in time. Water spraying requires fine and uniform spraying, spraying and surrounding space, providing a moist and small climate for the tree body. The water cannon can be used to spray water gun, or install a water pipe above the crown of the tree, and it will be better to install one or several fine orifice sprays according to the canopy size.   3、遮阴 3, shade   树木栽植初期或高温干燥季节,可搭荫棚遮阴,以降低棚内温度,减少树体的水分蒸发。荫棚上方及四周与树冠保持50cm左右的距离,以保证棚内有一定的空气流动空间,防止树冠日灼危害。遮阴度为70%左右,让树体接受一定的散射光,以保证树体光合作用的进行。以后视树木生长情况和季节变化,逐步去掉遮阴物。 Tree planting early or high temperature dry season, can be shaded by shade, to reduce the temperature inside the shed, reduce the water evaporation of the tree body. A distance of about 50cm from the canopy above and around the canopy to ensure that there is a certain amount of air in the shed to prevent the sun from burning. The shade degree is about 70%, so that the tree body receives a certain scattering light to ensure the photosynthesis of the tree body. After the growth of the tree and the seasons, gradually remove the shade.

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