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绿化苗木发展趋势
[来源:http://www.qdmiaomu.com.cn/] [作者:567zx] [日期:19-04-22] [浏览次数:]

绿化苗木发展趋势
Trend of Green Seedling Trend
2011年苗市全面红火,几乎所有品种都供不应求,价格飞涨。2012年春季以后,苗市发生变化,出现了两种现象:一是北方乡土树种,特别是国槐、白蜡、栾树、垂柳等苗木继续扶摇直上,价格直追同规格银杏。二是部分中大规格乔木(如银杏、楸树)和灌木(如丁香、连翘、金银木、珍珠梅、沙地柏)则有的稳中有降,有的价格一路走低。秋季苗市可能会有小风小浪,但不会出现大的波澜,11月份因绿化工程施工和部分苗圃育苗、囤苗会出现一段市场活跃期,但总的动态会相对稳定。部分品种由于资源缺乏,价格行情十分脆弱,社会上的某些风吹草动都会使之产生影响,但是这种浮动只是暂时的,不会对苗市产生大的影响。
In 2011, Miao City was in full swing. Almost all varieties were in short supply and prices soared. After the spring of 2012, there are two phenomena in the Miao City: one is that the local tree species in the north, especially the seedlings of Sophora japonica, Pewter wax, Luan tree and weeping willow, continue to soar, and their prices keep up with the specifications of Ginkgo biloba. Secondly, some large and medium-sized trees (such as ginkgo biloba, catalpa) and shrubs (such as clove, forsythia, honeysuckle, Pearl plum, sardium) have declined steadily, while some prices have been falling all the way. In autumn, there may be a small wind and small waves in Miao City, but there will be no big waves. In November, there will be a period of market activity due to greening project construction, nursery nursery nursery nursery nursery nursery nursery nursery nursery nursery nursery nursery nursery stockpiling, but the overall dynamic will be relatively stable. Due to the lack of resources, the price of some varieties is very fragile, which will be affected by some social fluctuations, but this fluctuation is only temporary and will not have a great impact on the Miao market.
实际上苗木市场的价格变化并非意料之外,是完全符合市场规律的,苗木价格是由市场供需关系决定的。国槐、白蜡、栾树等北方乡土树种由于具有较强的适用性和抗性,适生区域广阔,社会需求量大,特别是中大规格苗木资源越来越少,决定了其价格持续坚挺,价格已达到了顶峰,预计秋季和未来三年内会稳中有降,但不会出现较大下滑。苗木价格达到一定高度、市场难以接受时,人们会采取寻求替代品种、引进野外资源、调整设计等对策,以应对资源缺口、成本增加等困难。
In fact, the price change of seedling market is not unexpected, it is completely in line with the market law. The price of seedling is determined by the relationship between supply and demand in the market. Because of its strong applicability and resistance, wide suitable growing areas and large social demand, especially the growing scarcity of medium and large size seedling resources, the price of native trees in North China, such as Sophora japonica, Pewter wax and Luanshu, has reached its peak, and is expected to decline steadily in autumn and in the next three years, but there will be no significant decline. When the seedling price reaches a certain height and the market is unacceptable, people will take countermeasures such as seeking alternative varieties, introducing field resources and adjusting design to cope with the difficulties of resource gap and cost increase.
银杏来产区价格持续上扬,主产区对涨价的期望值越来越高,出现惜售现象。由于资金压力和对市场预期信心的不足,加之适用区域的限制以及房地产政策调控,价格同比出现下滑,今冬之前,价格不会有大的变化。小灌木和地被植物由于培育扩繁周期短,产区资源量大,秋季价格难以上涨,色带植物如大叶黄杨、小叶黄杨、金叶女贞,由于冬季囤苗成本较高,部分产品会提前抛售,秋季价格会继续下滑。
The price of Ginkgo biloba in the coming producing areas keeps rising, and the expectations of the main producing areas for the price increase are getting higher and higher, resulting in the phenomenon of reluctance to sell. Due to the financial pressure and lack of confidence in market expectations, as well as the limitations of applicable areas and real estate policy regulation, prices have declined year on year. Prices will not change significantly before this winter. Small shrubs and ground cover plants are difficult to rise in autumn due to their short breeding and propagation cycle, large resources in production areas. Colored belt plants such as Euonymus japonicus, Euonymus microphylla and Ligustrum lucidum will continue to decline in autumn due to the high cost of stockpiling seedlings in winter, and some products will be sold in advance.
丛生金叶榆降价也在情理之中,一个新品种的规模化上市,一般红火期很难超过五年,当“满地都是黄金甲”、遍地都是金叶榆时,它的价格自然会下滑到一个理性的价位。但由于它具有很强的抗寒性,在东北、西北等地区有很大的需求市场,今后三年价格不会低于金叶女贞。高分枝独干金叶榆今后两年仍是受市场欢迎的产品,价格不会大幅下滑。部分地被植物由于近几年扩繁量的增加和野花组合、缀花草坪、水生植物在大环境绿化工程中的广泛应用,价格下滑也在意料之中,以后会在一个芽0.1元至0.2元的价位稳定一段时期。
It is also reasonable to reduce the price of Cluster Golden Leaf Ulmus. It is difficult for a new variety to go on the market on a large scale for more than five years. When "Golden Leaf Ulmus is everywhere" and "Golden Leaf Ulmus is everywhere", its price will naturally fall to a rational level. However, due to its strong cold resistance, there is a large demand market in Northeast, Northwest and other areas, and the price will not be lower than Ligustrum lucidum in the next three years. Jinyeyu, a highly branched and independent product, will remain a popular product in the market for the next two years, and its price will not fall sharply. Due to the increase in the number of vegetation cover plants and the wide application of wildflower combinations, flower lawns and aquatic plants in large-scale environmental greening projects in recent years, the price decline is also expected, and the price will stabilize for a period from 0.1 yuan to 0.2 yuan for a bud.

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