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园林绿化小常识
[来源:http://www.qdmiaomu.com.cn/] [作者:aowl] [日期:18-05-03] [浏览次数:]
1、城市绿地类型: 1. The type of urban green space: ①公共绿地;②居住区绿地;③单位附属绿地;④防护绿地;⑤生产绿地;⑥风景林地。 (1) public green space; (2) green space in residential areas; (3) unit attached green space; (4) protection of green space; (5) production of green land; and (6) landscape woodland. 2、生态园林: 2. Ecological Garden: 是为再现原野中自然景观而在园林中人工创造自然景观并任其依生态规律自行保持或演替的造园形式。 It is a form of gardening that creates natural landscapes in gardens and maintains or succeses in accordance with ecological laws in order to reproduce natural landscapes in the wilderness. 3、中国皇家园林: 3. Chinese royal gardens: 皇帝个人或皇室私有的园林,包括古籍中所称的苑、营苑、苑囿、御苑等。 The private gardens of the emperor or his royal family include the yuan, Ying yuan, Yuan You, and Yuyuan, known as the ancient books. 4、江南园林: 4, Jiangnan garden: 中国古代游赏园林发展到后期所形成的一个主要地方风格,主要集中在扬州和苏州两地。江南盛产叠山石料,以太湖石和黄石两大类为主,用石叠山手法多样,技艺高超。园林建筑风格:灰砖青瓦,白粉墙坦配以水石花木组成的园林图景,恬淡雅致有若水墨渲染画的艺术格调。 In ancient China, a major local style of sightseeing garden development was mainly concentrated in Yangzhou and Suzhou. Jiangnan is rich in stacked mountain stones, mainly based on two main categories: Taihu stone and Huangshi. Garden architecture style: grey brick, green tile, white powder wall, and garden landscape composed of water, stone and flowers. 5、北方园林: 5. Northern gardens: 中国古代园林发展到后期所形成的一个以北京为中心的地方风格。 The development of ancient Chinese gardens to the later stage was a local style centered on Beijing. 6、岭南园林: 6, south of the Five Ridges Garden: 中国古代园林发展到后期所形成的一个主要的地方风格它以珠江三角洲为中心,逐渐影响及于两广、福建和台湾等地。 A major local style formed by the development of ancient Chinese gardens in the later period is centered on the Pearl River Delta, which gradually affects the areas such as the Guangdong and Guangxi, Fujian and Taiwan. 7、公共绿地: 7. Public green space: 指向公众开放,有一定游憩设施的绿化用地,包括其范围内的水域。城市公共绿地分公园和街头绿地两类。 Greening land, including its scope of water, is open to the public and has recreational facilities. Urban public green space is divided into two categories: Park and street green. 8、公园: 8. Park: 指常年开放供休息游览,进行科普教育,开展科学文化活动,有较好的植物配置,有一定设施和艺术布置的各级、各类公园,包括综合性公园、儿童公园、游乐公园、文物古迹公园、纪念性公园、郊野公园、风景名胜公园、小游园、植物园、动物园等。 Refers to the annual open for rest and sightseeing, popular science education, scientific and cultural activities, good plant configuration, a certain facility and art layout at all levels and various parks, including comprehensive parks, children's parks, amusement parks, cultural relics and historic parks, Memorial Parks, country parks, scenic parks, small scenic spots. Gardens, botanical gardens, zoos and so on.
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